Chemicals to Avoid ~ 1, 4 Dioxane
1, 4 Dioxane is a petroleum-derived contaminant considered to be a probable human carcinogen by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and considered to a definite animal carcinogen by the National Toxicology Program. It is part of a list of chemicals known or suspected to cause cancer and birth defects. However, you will never find it listed as an ingredient on any packaging because it is a contaminant produced during manufacturing, not added during the manufacturing process. Therefore, the FDA does not require it to be listed as an ingredient on product labels.
1,4-Dioxane is a manmade compound primarily used in industrial solvent applications in manufacturing. It is found in fumigants, automotive coolant, and is used as a stabilizer that prevents the breakdown of certain solvents during manufacturing. 1.4 dioxane is also used as a foaming agent and appears as an accidental byproduct in cosmetics manufacturing. Ethoxylation is a cheap process used by cosmetic companies to provide mild properties to harsh ingredients. This process requires the use of the cancer-causing petrochemical ethylene oxide, which generates 1,4-Dioxane.
It is an eye and respiratory tract irritant, and is suspected to cause damage to the central nervous system, liver and kidneys. It has caused death because of accidental exposure. California has listed 1, 4 dioxane as a known carcinogen since 1988. It forms contamination plumes in groundwater after it has been released into the environment and has adversely impacted several areas around the world as it resists biodegradation.
Testing sponsored by an independent consumers organization in 2008 found 1, 4 dioxane in almost half of tested personal care products. It is present in shampoos, liquid dishwashing soap, baby lotion, hair lotions, bath foam, food additives, mouthwashes, deodorants, and can also be found in shrimp, chicken, tomatoes, coffee, and some condiments.
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Underground Naturals is dedicated to providing all natural, safe, pure body care products for you and your family. Read our blog to learn more about why we do what we do, what ingredients you should avoid, and what ingredients we recommend.